Employment Law

Practical Resources

Relevant Statutes

Employment legislation is concerned with protecting employees. The following laws have complaint procedures that do not require the service of an employment lawyer to make a complaint. For example, if an employee isn’t being paid overtime, it just has to call the Ministry of Labour, who will investigate and prosecute the employer on its behalf.

Employment legislation and their enforcement mechanisms

Legislation Concerns Enforcement mechanism
Canada Labour Code Federally regulated employees. People employed by a federal agency. File a complaint to the Labour Program.
Employment Standards Act Provincially regulated employees. Employment standards, such as wages, hours, overtime and statutory notice of termination. Call or file a complaint with the Ministry of Labour if not also filing a civil action (e.g., for wrongful dismissal)
Human Rights Code Discrimination in the workplace, harassment, etc. Application to Ontario Human Rights Tribunal for relief (may include injunctions or damages)
Occupational Health and Safety Act Occupational health and safety (e.g.. work safe protections). Call or file a complaint with the Ministry of Labour if not also filing a civil action
Pay Equity Act Pay equity (i.e., equal pay for equal for work) Id.
Workplace Safety and Insurance Act). Workers’ compensation (e.g., insurance for injured employees). Id.

Other acts include: