The Fourth Legal System in Canada

Biblical law is the fourth and least familiar legal system in Canada today, even though it is historically the most prominent. The first two systems of law–common and civil law–are well known. The third, indigenous law, is less known.

Biblical laws and narratives have inspired common and civil law, as well as Jewish, Christian and Islamic law.

The Biblical Roots of Canadian Law

Biblical law is prominent in many statutes and decrees. For instance, the Charter opens with the affirmation: “Canada is founded upon principles that recognize the supremacy of God and the rule of law.” The Bill of Rights similarly opens with the affirmation:

The Parliament of Canada, affirming that the Canadian Nation is founded upon principles that acknowledge the supremacy of God, the dignity and worth of the human person and the position of the family in a society of free men and free institutions;

Affirming also that men and institutions remain free only when freedom is founded upon respect for moral and spiritual values and the rule of law;

The Canadian national anthem contains a prayer: “God keep our land, glorious and free!” The French version is even more explicit:

Car ton bras sait porter l’épée,
Il sait porter la croix !
[. . .] Et ta valeur, de foi trempée,
Protégera nos foyers et nos droits,

In another version:

Amour sacré du trône et de l’autel,
Remplis nos cœurs de ton souffle immortel !
Parmi les races étrangères,
Notre guide est la loi :
Sachons être un peuple de frères,
Sous le joug de la foi.
Et répétons, comme nos pères,
Le cri vainqueur : « Pour le Christ et le roi ! »
Le cri vainqueur : « Pour le Christ et le roi ! ».

The British national anthem (seeing Canada was–and still is–a British colony under the Queen) is even more explicit.

The Coat of Arms of Canada reads: “[F]rom sea to sea” (Psalm 72:8). As if that wasn’t enough to show the Biblical foundation of Canada, three verses of the Bible are inscribed on the Peace Tower of its Parliament, namely:

“May He have dominion from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth” (Psalm 72:8)

“Give the king your justice, O God, and your righteousness to the royal son!” (Psalm 72:1)

“Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keepeth the law, happy is he” (Prov. 29:18)

In short, Canada’s roots in Biblical law are beyond question. Since that is the case, it would not only be unconstitutional but anti-constitutional for Canadian law to flout Biblical law, as this would mean Canadian law is arbitrary and lacks a historical foundation.

Biblical Peoples and Laws

While Biblical laws have fallen in abeyance in Canada, Biblical peoples continue to live in it and follow Biblical laws, as part of their identity. As with indigenous peoples, the question is whether the state will respect them or discriminate against them and try to assimilate them because they do not conform to the values of the majority or those in power.

Biblical peoples include Israelites, Ishmaelites and Noahides who follow Abrahamic laws called Sharia and Halakha. Sharia and Halakha mean exactly the same thing–‘the way’–in Arabic (the language of Ishmaelites) and Hebrew (the language of Israelites). They are basically the same laws, except Sharia mostly consists of Noahide law and is thus a subset of Halakha that applies to all human beings, as opposed to just Israelites.

Noahide law is the foundation of every Western Constitution, including the American Constitution (see H. J. Res. 104), which is based on the Ten Commandments (see clip below). These include the Seven Laws of Noah, which are binding on all human beings.

Funny enough, the symbol of the covenant of Noah (the basis of Noahide law) is the same as that of the Gay Pride movement: the rainbow (Genesis 9:12-16). Can Canada foster Gay Pride and the Noahide? That remains to see.